What is meant by Ramsar?

What is meant by Ramsar?

What is meant by Ramsar?

A Ramsar site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, also known as "The Convention on Wetlands", an intergovernmental environmental treaty established in 1971 by UNESCO, which came into force in 1975.

Where is Ramsar?

Ramsar Convention
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat
Ramsar logo
Signed2 February 1971
LocationRamsar, Iran
Effective21 December 1975

Which is the largest Ramsar in India?

Largest Ramsar site in India: Sundarbans wetland (4220 sq-km) of West Bengal.

Which country has most Ramsar?

The country with the most sites is the United Kingdom with 175. To become a Ramsar site, a site must be nominated by a contracting country, meet at least one of nine criteria, and undergo scientific review.

How does Ramsar protected wetlands?

The Ramsar Convention's broad aims are to halt the worldwide loss of wetlands and to conserve, through wise use and management, those that remain. This requires international cooperation, policy making, capacity building and technology transfer.

Is Ramsar legally binding?

Ramsar Convention has two fold objectives viz. Conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; and stop the encroachment and loss of wetlands. This treaty is not a legal binding treaty and is not a part of UN & UNESCO conventions.

How many countries are in Ramsar?

The Ramsar Convention, signed in 1971 in Ramsar, Iran, is the only global treaty that focuses specifically on wetlands. Today 170 nations are signatories to the Ramsar Convention.

How many Ramsar Sites are there in the world?

2,414 Ramsar sites 1- The Ramsar sites are one of the major protected areas in the world. 2- There are 2,414 Ramsar sites in the world, covering 254,543,971.597 hectares area.

Which is the smallest Ramsar site in India?

Renuka Wetland Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq. km) of Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Site in India, followed by Chandertal Wetland (0.49 sq. km) in Himachal Pradesh.

Which is the first Ramsar site in India?

Chilika Lake In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

What is Ramsar and why is it important?

  • What Ramsar Is: In 1971, an international convention was held in Ramsar, Iran and participants signed a treaty entitled, “The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, Especially as Waterfowl Habitat.” The Ramsar Convention provides a framework for voluntary international cooperation for wetland conservation.

How many Ramsar sites are there in India?

  • There are 42 wetlands in India that have international importance and hence recognized as the Ramsar Sites in India. Ramsar Sites are wetlands that have international importance. The term was coined when the International Treaty for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wetlands was signed at a city in Iran called Ramsar in 1971.

Is Ayeyarwady a Ramsar site in India?

  • Sambhar Lake had been in the news for its deterioration over salt mining. Sambhar Lake is a Ramsar Site in India. Ayeyarwady in Manipur is eyed as a potential Ramsar site. Read about Ramsar Convention, 1971 in the linked article.

Why are Ramsar sites maintained in Montreux Record?

  • The Ramsar sites are maintained in Montreux Record to track any major ecological changes that might affect any of the wetland sites positively or in a reverse way. This is an important topic for UPSC and other government exams. Interesting Facts about the Ramsar sites: Ramsar sites are one of the major protected areas in the world.

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